Introduction to HTML and CSS

HTML (the Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the core technologies for building Web pages. HTML provides the structure of the page, CSS the (visual and aural) layout, for a variety of devices.

Introduction to HTML and CSS

HTML & CSS

Introduction

HTML (the Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the core technologies for building Web pages. HTML provides the structure of the page, CSS the (visual and aural) layout, for a variety of devices.

HTML is the standard markup language for Web pages. With HTML you can create your own website. HTML and CSS are easy to learn- You will enjoy it.

What is HTML?

  1. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

  2. HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages

  3. HTML describes the structure of a Web page

  4. HTML consists of a series of elements

  5. HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content

  6. HTML elements label pieces of content such as "this is a heading", "this is a paragraph", "this is a link", etc.

What is CSS?

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used to format the layout of a webpage.

With CSS, you can control the color, font, the size of text, the spacing between elements, how elements are positioned and laid out, what background images or background colors are to be used, different displays for different devices and screen sizes, and much more!

Using CSS

CSS can be added to HTML documents in 3 ways:

  1. Inline - by using the style attribute inside HTML elements

  2. Internal - by using a <style> element in the <head> section

  3. External - by using a <link> element to link to an external CSS file

The most common way to add CSS, is to keep the styles in external CSS files. However, in this tutorial we will use inline and internal styles, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself.


HTML (the Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the core technologies for building Web pages. HTML provides the structure of the page, CSS the (visual and aural) layout, for a variety of devices.

Introduction to HTML and CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used to format the layout of a webpage.

With CSS, you can control the color, font, the size of text, the spacing between elements, how elements are positioned and laid out, what background images or background colors are to be used, different displays for different devices and screen sizes, and much more!

The most common way to add CSS, is to keep the styles in external CSS files. However, in this tutorial we will use inline and internal styles, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself.

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